Named/provisional mosquito species, subspecies, & one hybrid

The following excerpt is from The Mosquitoes of the Mid-Atlantic Region: An Identification Guide by Bruce A. Harrison, Brian D. Byrd, Charles B. Sither, and Parker B. Witt (2016)

Virginia has a long history of published lists documenting mosquito species in the state (Dyar 1928, Dorer et al. 1944, Bickley 1957, Gladney and Turner 1969, Harrison et al. 2002). Currently this state has confirmed records for 56 named taxa, including one hybrid and one unidentified provisional species entry in the An. crucians complex. That entry, An. crucians s.l. is counted because we are unaware of any molecular attempts to analyze the species in this complex in Virginia, but specimens of this complex have been collected and identified in VA. We are changing the VA listing of Cx. quinquefasciatus to the hybrid, Cx. pipiens x Cx. quinquefasciatus, because the most northern confirmed record of Cx. quinquefasciatus along the Atlantic Coast is a site in the most southeastern county in North Carolina (Fonseca, unpublished). Actually we also consider most of the specimens of Cx. pipiens reported in Virginia to be Cx. pipiens x Cx. quinquefasciatus hybrids. However, since true Cx. pipiens may occur in extreme northern and northwestern VA, but need molecular confirmation, we have included Cx. pipiens in the list of nominal species in VA. The numbers reported here increase the number (55) reported in Harrison et al. (2002) to 56, because Cx. tarsalis was inadvertently left out of that list (David Gaines, personal communication).

Since the publication of this book, two more species have been found in the state of Virginia, Culex coronator (Akaratovic and Kiser 2017) and Culex nigripalpus (Akaratovic et al. unpublished). This increases the number of species in the state to 58. The list below includes these two additions. Links are provided to the Smithsonian Institution's Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (WRBU) and/or to supporting literature in the state, when available.


Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus); Lima et al. 2016; Gloria-Soria et al. 2018;

Ae. albopictus (Skuse);

Ae. atlanticus (Dyar and Knab)

Ae. atropalpus (Coquillett)

Ae. aurifer (Coquillett)

Ae. canadensis canadensis (Theobald)

Ae. cantator (Coquillett)

Ae. cinereus Meigen

Ae. dupreei (Coquillett) Ae. fulvus pallens Ross

Ae. grossbecki Dyar and Knab

Ae. hendersoni (Cockerell)

Ae. infirmatus (Dyar and Knab)

Ae. japonicus japonicus (Theobald)

Ae. mitchellae (Dyar)

Ae. sollicitans (Walker)

Ae. sticticus (Meigen)

Ae. stimulans (Walker) Ae. taeniorhynchus (Wiedemann)

Ae. thibaulti (Dyar and Knab)

Ae. tormentor (Dyar and Knab)

Ae. triseriatus (Say)

Ae. trivittatus (Coquillett)

Ae. vexans (Meigen)

Anopheles atropos Dyar and Knab

An. barberi Coquillett

An. bradleyi King

An. crucians s.l.

An. punctipennis (Say)

An. quadrimaculatus Say

An. smaragdinus Reinert

An. walkeri Theobald

Coquillettidia perturbans (Walker)

Culex coronator Dyar and Knab; Akaratovic & Kiser 2017

Cx. erraticus (Dyar and Knab)

Cx. nigripalpus Theobald

Cx. peccator Dyar and Knab

Cx. pipiens Linnaeus

Cx. pipiens x Cx. quinquefasciatus hybrids

Cx. restuans Theobald

Cx. salinarius Coquillett

Cx. tarsalis Coquillett; Williams et al. 2004

Cx. territans Walker

Culiseta inornata (Williston)

Cs. melanura (Coquillett)

Orthopodomyia alba Baker

Or. signifera (Coquillett)

Psorophora ciliata (Fabricius)

Ps. columbiae (Dyar Knab)

Ps. cyanescens (Coquillett)

Ps. discolor (Coquillett)

Ps. ferox (von Humboldt)

Ps. horrida (Dyar and Knab)

Ps. howardii (Coquillett)

Ps. mathesoni Belkin and Heinemann

Toxorhynchites rutilus septentrionalis (Dyar and Knab)

Uranotaenia sapphirina (Osten Sacken)

Wyeomyia smithii (Coquillett)